Cotton is one of agriculture's most water-intensive and pest-sensitive crops, often grown in semi-arid and water-scarce areas. It has been estimated to consume 11% of the world's pesticides (Kooistra, K.J., et. al. 2006). Its cultivation represents over 2.4% of global arable land, involving about 30 million farmers. Cotton is produced in approximately 90 countries worldwide, many of which are classified as developing countries. The economies of many developing countries and the livelihoods of millions of small farmers and their families are dependent on cotton production. The environmental and social impacts are therefore widespread and need to be addressed.
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