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See pineapple fiber.

A strong bast fiber that originates from the leaves of the Agave plant, which is found in the West Indies, Central America, and Africa.

The creation of opportunities for access to fundamental human rights (work, education, culture, recreation, health) for a marginalized population.

Referring to fair trade, which means paying all actors in the supply chain a fair price for their work. It also points to preserving traditional handicraft techniques that have been used to create fashion for many centuries and community development.  

An eco-friendly fabric made from a by-product of soybean oil production. It’s a sustainable textile fiber made from renewable and biodegradable resources. It’s part of an effort to move consumers away from petrochemical textile products and turn waste into useful products.

A recently re-discovered old fabric. Nettles were used to make textile until somewhere in the 19th century and it was mainly due to cotton that nettle cloth was forgotten. Nettle plants are resistant to disease and vermin and therefore don’t require any contaminating pesticides and herbicides. Only the fibers in the stems are used for making cloth; the leaves and the prickly needles that cause itching are not used for making clothing.

The system of organizations, people, technology, activities, information and resources involved in moving a product or service from supplier to customer. Supply chains within the fashion industry are often characterized by many different stakeholders who seek to maximize their short-term revenue. The global ethical fashion movement seeks to build new production networks based on trust and long-term relationships. Within these more sophisticated and transparent supply chain systems, used products may re-enter the supply chain at any point where residual value is recyclable.

A general strategy that integrates economic, political, environmental and cultural sustainability. Sustainability embraces the collective and the individual in order to reach and maintain the quality of life whether in times of scarcity or periods of abundance of resources. The aim of sustainability is the cooperation and solidarity between people and generations.

This specific type of management ensures the use of resources from forests without the threat of ecological, economical and social loss.

The use of natural renewable sources (such as the sun, wind or sugar cane) for the generation of energy. It includes systems such as rainwater collection and the re-use of grey waters.

A factory where workers make products in very poor working conditions. This can include exposure to harmful materials, dangerous situations, extreme temperatures, abuse from employers, extended overtime hours, very low wages and child labor. Sweatshops came into existence during the Industrial Revolution with the invention of the foot-powered sewing machine in 1846. Since then, they have been a symbol of the end of the artisan system of creating unique products made by hand. Sweatshops have a negative connotation and have proved a difficult issue to resolve because their roots lie in the conceptual foundations of the world’s present economy. With the transformation towards a more sustainable fashion industry, the concept of sweatshops might be subject to great alterations or possibly die out over time.

Chemical and synthetic dyes in their origin and properties are dense in toxic substances. They have been obtained from derivatives of petroleum and coal through a highly polluting process. These types of dyes were invented during the Industrial Revolution in Germany. They have been synthesized from the same raw materials used for the production of explosives and organic compounds rich in nitrogen such as nitroglycerin or TNT (trinitrotoluene).


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